PHARMACOKINETICS, EFFICACY, AND SAFETY OF VORICONAZOLE AND ITRACONAZOLE IN HEALTHY COTTONMOUTHS (AGKISTRODON PISCIVORUS) AND MASSASAUGA RATTLESNAKES (SISTRURUS CATENATUS) WITH SNAKE FUNGAL DISEASE

Snake fungal disease (SFD; Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola) is posing a significant threat to several free-ranging populations of pitvipers. Triazole antifungals have been proposed for the

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Fungal dermatitis, glossitis and disseminated visceral mycosis caused by different Metarhizium granulomatis genotypes in veiled chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus) and first isolation in healthy lizards

Metarhizium (M.) granulomatis (formerly Chamaeleomyces granulomatis) invariably causes fatal fungal glossitis and systemic mycosis in veiled chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus). Isolation of M. granulomatis in other lizards thus far has not

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Bacterial and viral pathogens detected in sea turtles stranded along the coast of Tuscany, Italy

  Sea turtles infections are examined. The first isolation of Lactococcus garviae and the first detection of Betanodavirus in sea turtles indicate the possibility

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Monitoring of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (frog fungus) in collections of captive amphibians

“Of 610 pet amphibians tested, we recorded 5.1% to be infected with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis”, also known as frog fungus. The popularity of amphibians as

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Reptiles and Amphibians as a source of Salmonella

“Reptiles and amphibians are popular pets with many families. Turtles, frogs, iguanas, snakes, geckos, horned toads, salamanders, and chameleons are colorful, quiet, and often

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Amphibians acquire resistance to live and dead fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis overcoming fungal immunosuppression

“These results suggest that amphibians can acquire immunity to B. dendrobatidis that overcomes pathogen-induced immunosuppression and increases their survival.” Emerging fungal pathogens pose a

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